Autonomous vehicle: The Movin’On Community of Interest launched by MACIF publishes its report

From a technological and urban approach to an inclusive and sustainable mobility in the territories?

 

June 1st, 2021

Convinced that the "shared" autonomous vehicle could be a solution to promote inclusive mobility, particularly in rural and peri-urban areas, MACIF launched a community of interest dedicated to the autonomous vehicle within Movin'On in 2019. Now made up of 12 companies(1), the objective of this working group, which operates on an open innovation basis, is to deploy autonomous vehicle solutions that promote the emergence of inclusive and sustainable mobility.

The Community of Interest launched by MACIF is part of the work carried out within Movin'On, which brings together companies, cities, countries, and citizens worldwide to advance sustainable mobility. After a year dedicated to exploring the meaning and the environmental, economic, social, legal, and political dimensions of the autonomous vehicle, the Autonomous Vehicle Community of Interest unveils today the results of its initial work.

 

The report, an original synthesis on the autonomous vehicle

Guided by an open and collaborative approach, the synthesis report produced by the Movin'On community of interest during its first year of existence explores non-technical dimensions of autonomous mobility that have been ignored until now.

This approach is explained by the community's desire to make a different and innovative contribution to the debate on the autonomous vehicle by mobilizing around a strong theme: "mobility for all, autonomy for all, via the shared autonomous vehicle". Until now, the autonomous vehicle has mainly been approached from a technological and urban perspective. Its potential contribution to mobility in sparsely populated areas and for vulnerable people has often been presented as utopian, hardly in phase with the industrial and economic ambitions of the major players in the sector.

On the contrary, the community of interest questions the meaning of autonomous driving technology and works to ensure that it is part of a logic of progress that serves the greatest number of people and not just a privileged few.

With this in mind, the Movin'On community of interest on the autonomous vehicle has built a reflection which explores the potential contribution of autonomous vehicles to a more sustainable and inclusive mobility in rural and peri-urban areas. It focuses on a specific model: the shared autonomous shuttle, which could help to open up territories, accelerate the ecological transition, and facilitate people's mobility, helping in particular to improve access to employment.

If tomorrow, the autonomous vehicle makes it possible to restore mobility for those who are deprived of it, to share an asset, to have less of an impact on the environment and to bring life and activity back into city centers, then this will be a real positive step forward for society.

Yann Arnaud, MACIF's Director of Members Needs Response and Innovation, who is leading the work of the community of interest.

Findings and recommendations

Structured around four major axes, the exploratory research work carried out by the community in 2020-2021 made it possible to highlight several findings and recommendations. The main results are presented briefly below.

 

Social and territorial inclusion

The work of the Movin'On community of interest shows the need to think about the development of autonomous vehicles based on the needs of people excluded from mobility. Thus, the autonomous vehicle would not compete with but complement the car in rural and peri-urban areas.

CO2 emissions in France in 2017 (CITEPA) Sustainable mobility The report highlights the high degree of uncertainty that remains about the environmental impact of autonomous vehicles. It is conditional on the role that public authorities will play in regulating the deployment of autonomous vehicles by promoting collective and shared mobility. Indeed, while 29% of CO2 emissions in 2017 were caused by transports in France, the development of future autonomous electric vehicles is regularly presented as an opportunity for the national low carbon strategy and in the fight against global warming. As a matter of fact, autonomous vehicles could contribute to the emergence of a socially and territorially more inclusive mobility. This would favor the mobility of elderly or disabled people with reduced mobility, as well as inhabitants of peri-urban and rural areas who are dependent on the car and have little or no access to public transport. Approximately 15 million people in France are currently restricted in their movements. This situation raises issues of social integration, access to employment, health, and education. From this perspective, mobility has gradually become the "right of all rights", to use the expression of sociologist Éric Le Breton.

The right of all rights

Sociologist Éric Le Breton

Sustainable mobility

The report highlights the high degree of uncertainty that remains about the environmental impact of autonomous vehicles. It is conditional on the role that public authorities will play in regulating the deployment of autonomous vehicles by promoting collective and shared mobility. Indeed, while 29% of CO2 emissions in 2017 were caused by transports in France, the development of future autonomous electric vehicles is regularly presented as an opportunity for the national low carbon strategy and in the fight against global warming.

Role of the territories

The report stresses the importance of closely involving local authorities - which provide services, regulate mobility, manage roads and guarantee public order - in the experimentation and in the national development strategy for autonomous vehicles. This applies to the deployment of these future mobility services in rural and peri-urban areas.

The community's work explores the blind spot of rural territories in the reflections and experimentations of autonomous vehicles in France: indeed, if more than 120 experimentations have been carried out since 2015, only 6 have been conducted in sparsely populated areas. However, due to the specific mobility needs of these territories and the commitment of elected officials, autonomous mobility could constitute a real progress.

Meaning of the technology

The Autonomous Vehicle Community of Interest gives priority to a reflection on the meaning and on the consequences of the emergence of the autonomous vehicle. This is an original approach, as the players in the sector have until now mainly favored a technological approach to this object. Indeed, out of 100,000 scientific publications on the autonomous vehicle, only 185 deal with its impact on mobility.

By questioning the law, inclusive and sustainable mobility, business models, data, insurance, acceptability and public policies, the community's work has made it possible to identify and to list the non-technical controversies surrounding the autonomous vehicle.

This mapping of controversies underlines the importance of questioning the meaning of autonomous driving technology and its uses so that it promotes collective progress. This approach lays the essential foundations for the successful deployment of autonomous vehicles in the future.

About the autonomous vehicle community of interest

 

Convinced that the "shared" autonomous vehicle could be a solution to promote inclusive mobility, particularly in rural and peri-urban areas, MACIF created in 2019, within the Movin'On ecosystem, a community of interest dedicated to the autonomous vehicle.

It now brings together 12 major companies wishing to ensure that the autonomous vehicle contributes to the emergence of a more inclusive and sustainable mobility: BNP Paribas Cardif, Deloitte, Faurecia, Groupama, Kantar, MACIF, MAIF, Michelin, Microsoft, Orange, SNCF and Vinci.

The work is also supported by the expertise of a Steering Committee, made up of researchers, Rémi Maniak - École Polytechniques and Sylvain Lenfle – CNAM ; experts on the subject with Yann Arnaud - MACIF, Alexis Offergeld - Movin'On LAB and Patrick Pélata - Méta Strategy Consulting ; and political actors Damien Adam - LaReM deputy of Seine-Maritime and Frédéric Cuillerier, mayor of Saint-Ay, Loiret, and chairman of the "Transport, mobility, roads" commission of the French Mayors’ Association, AMF.

 

ABOUT MOVIN'ON

Movin'On is the world's leading co-innovation ecosystem. It brings together the major players in sustainable mobility, public and private, collective and individual. Independent and not-for-profit, it implements concrete solutions and innovations thanks to the Movin'On Lab, a think-and-do tank, and its Communities of Interest.

 

Press contacts Autonomous Vehicle Community of Interest

Joanne Benhaim - jbenhaim@macif.fr - +33 6 62 65 11 66

Elise Bourgy – elise.bourgy@conseil-et-recherche.com – +33 7 85 01 85 49