Boston, Montreal, and Lyon Metropole consider the use of data critical for transportation planning, defending the interests of constituents and improving sustainability and inclusivity. Given the existing decentralized cooperation, it was natural to collaborate on an international level on mobility data. As data, sometimes of a sensitive nature, is often collected by various private and public actors and operators, sharing data is not as easy as expected. To solidify the bridges between stakeholders and strengthen guidelines for action, Boston, Montreal and Lyon Metropole have joined forces to draft a Manifesto to define a framework for the sharing of data in mobility with a view to the common good.
Starting in April 2020, two key milestones have been accomplished. A first chapter has been delivered on Access and Governance, through a virtual workshop, showcased at the Movin’On digital meetings in June 2020.
Then, a second chapter has been discussed on Responsible data in the framework of the Entretiens Jacques Cartier, in November 2020. This Manifesto contains action items intended for municipalities, to be implemented by projects on the ground. In addition, activities for a chapter 3 of the Manifesto have been announced at the Movin’On Summit in June 2021 on a use case related to coordinating curbside access illustrating cities’ principles of action through experiments.
The Manifesto on mobility data sharing is the result of a systemic, continuous and collaborative approach involving a number of public, private and academic organizations. Its goal is to remain open and to inspire other stakeholders, namely local governments. It also aims to permanently optimize and manage mobility services and the use of their data, and to meet the requirements of sustainable, social and environmentally-conscious mobility.
Montreal in action
The City of Montreal has written a Data Charter to strengthen the transparency, accountability, flexibility and efficiency of its digital data management. We invite our partners and all stakeholders working for the economic, social and territorial development of Montreal to follow these principles and commitments in order to reaffirm our relationship of trust with the entire Montreal community. Many of the guidelines from our charter are aligned with the Manifesto principles. The Data Charter positions the city as the guardian of the common good, dictates and specifies the conditions for success for a governance framework (among others on privacy issues) and ensures that new ways are found to improve the understanding of data by its citizens.
By-law concerning Dockless Self-serve Unregistered Vehicles (DSUV) services
The city would like to encourage other forms of transportation besides personal vehicles and has adopted a by-law around the arrival of DSUVs, which provide an alternative method to public transportation while reducing the pressure of cars. Operators are required to share part of their data needed by the city to better plan transportation services and urban spaces on its territory. The implementation of this by-law shows a direct application of principles 1 and 7 of the first chapter of the Manifesto, by positioning the City as the guardian of the public interest and by placing users at the heart of the planning of services.
Mobility Data Hub
As part of Montréal en commun, the City of Montreal supports different projects with a common goal: improve access to mobility data. As part of this initiative, a hub for Mobility Data is currently under development by Jalon (jalonmtl.org/en/). The platform will facilitate data sharing between the different parties in our transport community with a specific set of rules. Several sharing models are also currently being evaluated by Fabmob (lafabriquedesmobilites.fr/ en/home/). This Mobility Data Hub is a direct application of many principles: 3) Data Sharing Agreement, 4) Setting rules for data sharing from private companies, 5) Putting in place new partnerships and 6) Improve access to mobility data.
Boston in action
The City of Boston hosts an open data portal, home to 165+ datasets including many directly relevant to transportation and mobility. The goal of the portal is to promote transparency of governance using open data, encourage creative community engagement, and present a direct access point for residents to engage with the city. Users may preview the data, download it, or access it through an API and the data portal is subject to Boston's Open and Protected Data Policy. The Analyze Boston portal aligns well with the principles and values set out in the collaboration's shared Manifesto, both in its purpose and in the standards applied to the data.
Paratransit with Uber and Lyft
Boston is working in cooperation with rideshare companies to make city transit more accessible to supplement Boston's paratransit service, the RIDE. The data collaboration required to make these improvements to accessibility a reality brings to the forefront the issues discussed in the collaboration with Montreal and Lyon, and the shared values help guide the public/private partnership.
Boston is piloting street sensors that track car, bicycle, and foot traffic without the need for video surveillance by using computer vision techniques to detect and identify objects of interest. The private sector partners (Numina) involved in the project share the city's focus on privacy and proper data governance, and the motivation behind the project and eventual deployment are a good example of how the collaborative shared principles listed in the Manifesto can be applied to inform partnerships and improve services.
Lyon in action
Open data platforme « datagrandlyon.com »
First created in 2013 by Lyon Métropole and redesigned in 2019, the data.grandlyon.com platform offers all stake-holders simple and efficient access to hundreds of data sets from the Lyon region. This data is particularly useful for responding to the new uses and services of tomorrow in terms of mobility, the environment, citizenship, urban planning and culture. The platform currently has 790 data sets from public and private partners, and aims to facilitate access to data, with an economic and social development objective: to enable citizens to take ownership of data and enable local players to be the driving forces for new services.
Community Announcement presented by Sopra Steria on Data and sustainable curbside management
The space between city sidewalks and streets has become a battle ground for the future of urban mobility. Traditional uses of curb space in cities – including buses, taxis, freight deliveries, bike lanes and parking – now compete with rideshare, same-day deliveries, dockless vehicles, and other new transportation modes and services. Cities need complete and comprehensive data to sustainable manage curbside and companies may offer potential solutions related to data.
Call for the Chapter 3 on sustainable curbside management
The space between city sidewalks and streets has become a battle ground for the future of urban mobility. Traditional uses of curb space in cities – including buses, taxis, freight deliveries, bike lanes and parking – now compete with rideshare, same-day deliveries, dockless vehicles, and other new transportation modes and services.
Cities need complete and comprehensive data to sustainable manage curbside and companies may offer potential solutions related to data.
Capitalizing on the principles of action of the Manifesto on data mobility (Chapter 1: governance, Chapter 2: ethics), the objective is to launch a Community of Interest around a use case on Mobility data and curbside management.
The burning question that we want to address is the following: “How can a data-driven approach steer the mobility ecosystem toward more inclusive, sustainable and secure use of curb space?”
Include the 4c's in the reflexion: corporates, cities, countries and citizens Defining datas Trust and Transparency
Benefit from other cities experience develop incentives to accelerate data sharing develop new rules of governance develop public-private partnerships
Chaire Data et Services pour une Ville Durable (DSVD), Université de Lyon
SKEMA Business School